Zadar is one of the oldest Croatian cities with a rich history that goes beyond more than 3000 years. Over time, the city has been able to withstand oppression from several sides. In 4. century BC founded an Illyrian tribe called Liburn in the Zadar region of the Jader settlement. The original inhabitants gradually expelled the Greeks who identified the settlement as Idassa. In 1. century AD, the Romans converted this ancient Idassa into the Roman colony of Jadera. For the Romans, the so characteristic urbanistic structure of the city has survived to this day. In 7. century Zadar to the Byzantine empire and 9. century promoted to a bishop's seat in the Croatian kingdom.
History of Zadar
In a tricky agreement with the Venetians in 1202, they conquered the Christian Zadar the crusaders who completely discharged the city, fired, handed over the city to the Venetians, and pulled away. Zadar independently worked in 15. century, then the 400 flight to the Republic of Venezuela succeeded in taking power in the city. In 19. century Napoleon included the town of Zadar between its Illyrian provinces and after its defeat it took over power Austria-Hungary. After 1. World War imposed Italian sovereignty over Zadar even though the entire surrounding area fell into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. For 2. World War II was Zadar's fascist bastion on the Adriatic, faced many allied air raids, and many historic buildings were destroyed. After the liberation, Zadar became part of Yugoslavia. In the years 1991 to 1992, the city prevented the aggression of the Serbian lands. Serious damage has been rectified, the history of Zadar is visible on local monuments and since 1993 is in Croatia an independent state.
Sights in Zadar
Pre-Romanesque Church of Sts. Donate from 9. century, Sveti Donat is symbol of Zadar. On the church floor there is a matroneum, a separate space reserved for women only. Cathedral of St. Anastasia, Sveta Stošija, is a rare Romanesque building from 12. to 13. century building and stands in the street called Kalelarga, that is Široká Street. Dazzling you with rich plastic decoration, original crypt and unique bell tower overlooking Zadar. Between monuments in Zadar is also the Church of the Virgin Mary-Sveta Marija with the permanent exhibition of the sacred art Zlato and silver of Zadar, as well as the Church of Sts. Chrysogon - Sveti Krševan in the street B. Krnarutića, but also the Church of Sts. František - Sveti Franje in Gothic style from 13. century is definitely worth seeing. Just like the originally Gothic church of 15. century Church of Sts. Simeon - Sveti Simun with gold plated silver relikviář sv. Simenona, which weighs 250 kg, or Palazzo Ghirardini - Palaca Ghirardini, a Romanesque palace with a Gothic balcony from 15. century on the National Square. Beautiful City Fortifications from 16. century, Prince's Palace - Kneževa palaca or the seat of Lycea St. Dimitrije - High school Svetog Dimitrij, which is part of the University of Zadar in neoclassical style from the beginning of 20. century.